Read this essay on theory x & theory y come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more only at termpaperwarehousecom. Get help on 【 theory x and theory y essay 】 on graduateway ✅ huge assortment of free essays & assignments ✅ the best writers douglas mcgregor (1906 - 1964) is one of the forefathers of management theory and one of the top business thinkers of all time he was a social psychologist. Need essay sample on theory x and theory y: theories specifically for you for only $1290/page in terms of the management style, theory x emphasises on authoritarian management as the managers opt for a close supervision rather than delegation of the managerial roles in order to. Theory x is negative and theory y can be stated as the opposite, positive douglas concluded that managers shaped their behavior towards workers based theory y pertains to an individual difference variable reflecting assumptions about people at work-it is not a specific set of recommended.
However, theory x management style had no relationships with both lmx and affective commitment implications for future research and practice are discussed consequently, from this perspective, theory x and y management styles will first influence the subordinates' perceptions of exchange. Theory x and theory y represent two sets of assumptions about human nature and human behavior that are relevant to the practice of management theory x represents a negative view of human nature that assumes individuals generally dislike work, are irresponsible, and require close supervision to do. Theory x and theory y are most commonly referred to in the field of management and employee motivation mcgregor's theories, although over 40 years of six major management approaches, the focus of this essay will be on two of the classical management theories the scientific. Like theory x, theory y holds managers responsible for organizing production elements toward the goal of economic profit-making however, it accords to employees a greater level of autonomous motivation than does theory x it actually sees these workers in a much more favorable light.
Managers' assumptions about people - theory x and theory y -based on douglas mcgregor's 'human side of enterprise',(1960) theory x assumptions people are naturally lazy they prefer to do nothing people work mostly for money and status rewards. Theory x and theory y explains how your perceptions can affect your management style theory x - people dislike work, have little ambition, and are unwilling to take responsibility managers with this assumption motivate their people using a rigid carrot and stick approach, which rewards good. Sample essay the x and y theory was proposed by douglas mcgregor and there are two theories attached to it the theory x states that employees however, theory x revolves around the scenario that employees of an organization are motivated enough to do work and they are more organized. Theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation he avoided descriptive labels and simply called the theories theory x and theory y both of these theories begin with the premise that. Theory x and theory y shermerhorn and chappell place theory x and theory y in the human resource approaches douglas mcgregors theory x and theory y, as well as hawthorne studies, and abraham maslows theory of human needs, are major branches that emerged in this tradition.
Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s. Theory x and theory y, developed by douglas mcgregor, grew out of opposition towards classical management methods classical management theorists, such as fredrick taylor, focused on scientific training and efficiency and did not account for personal and behavioral issues, such as. Free essay: theory x and theory y, developed by douglas mcgregor, grew out of opposition towards classical management methods theory x describes a results-driven manager who issues deadlines and ultimatums, is elitist, does not build teams, is a one-way communicator and a poor listener, and a.
Thus, theory y has at its core the assumption hat the physical and mental effort involved in work is natural and that individuals actively seek to engage in work theory y also assumes that the ability to be innovative and creative exists among a large, rather than a small segment of the population. Theory x and theory y in the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor outlined two opposing theories of work and motivation what he calls theory x is the traditional approach to workers and working which assumes that people are lazy and dislike work.
Read theory x and y free essay and over 88,000 other research documents mcgregor's xy theory remains central to organizational development, and to improving organizational culture mcgregor's x-y theory is a salutary and simple reminder of the natural rules for managing people. Theory x and theory y were introduced in 1960 by douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist in his book 'the human side of enterprise' this is one of the most famous motivational theories in management in combination, both approaches are referred to as theory xy. Ten important differences between theory x and theory y are discussed in this article, in a detailed manner douglas mcgregor put forward a theory of motivation, called as theory x and theory y theory x is a conventional approach to motivation, based on negative assumptions.