White australia policy, formally immigration restriction act of 1901, in australian history, fundamental legislation of the new commonwealth of australia that effectively stopped all non-european immigration into the country and that contributed to the development of a racially insulated white society. The 'white australia' policy describes australia's approach to immigration from federation until the latter part of the 20th century, which favoured applicants from certain countries the abolition of the policy took place over a period of 25 years. On the history of the dictation test and the administration of the white australia policy, some of the 'classic texts' still make good reading: ac palfeeman, the administration of the white australia policy , melbourne university press, melbourne, 1967. In the last decades of the nineteenth century, concern was growing in the australian colonies about the level of 'coloured' immigration to australia, particularly from china, and many colonies passed restrictive immigration legislation.
That the white australia policy cannot fail to retard immigration, and the subsequent progress and development of the common-wealth, is the opinion of viscount laverhulme, who is at present on a visit to australia. The infamous 'white australia' policy: keeping australia british when the colonies federated in 1901, control of immigration changed instead of each colony managing its own system, the commonwealth now oversaw recruiting and selection. The white australia policy was not a single government directive but a series of acts with a common goal: to achieve and maintain a white, british national character.
Immigration to australia was restricted almost exclusively to whites from the country's founding in 1901 until the mid-1970s the legislation was unofficially but universally known as the white australia policy, and it was established to give preferential treatment to the british. The history of australia - duration: white australia policy - speech to the senate 5:44 look at life - immigration to australia 1950s 1960s - duration: 10:01 fff 132,287 views. When the 'white australia policy' was set in motion with the introduction of the immigration restriction bill in 1901, most white-australians were in favour of the idea many white-australians were convinced of their own racial superiority and concerned about losing their jobs to an influx of non-white workers.
The white australia policy of the late 19th and early 20th century was designed to reinforce that image and restrict migration to europeans only but the reality was quite different. The white australia policy is something more than an immigration restriction policy it is an outrageous insult to our great allies in the people's war against fascism — china, india and indonesia — because it proclaims white superiority. Immigration policy prior to federation gold rush era the discovery of gold in australia in 1851 led to an influx of immigrants from all around the world the colony of new south wales had a population of just 200,000 in 1851, but the huge influx of settlers spurred by the gold rushes transformed the australian colonies economically, politically and demographically. The white australia policy describes australia's previous approach to immigration which favoured applicants from certain countries the first act of parliament passed after federation was the immigration restriction act (1901), better known as the white australia policy.
White australia policy reinforced as hostility with japan rose, prime minister john curitn reinforced the philosiphy of the policy he said, this country shall remain forever the home of the descendants of those people who came here in peace in order to establish in the south seas an outpost of the british race. This represents the first challenge to the white australia policy 1950 - immigration minister harold holt makes an historic decision to allow 800 non-european war refugees to remain in australia.
1966: end of white australia policy the migration act 1966 established legal equality between british, european and non-european migrants to australia these changes to immigration policy were some of the most significant steps towards the formation of multicultural australia. The white australia policy was a system of both official and unofficial discrimination in australian history, during which immigration policy and citizenship requirements were heavily biased to favour white european migrants, and more specifically anglo-saxon migrants over other races.
The restriction of 'non-white' immigration was one of the first acts passed in the newly-formed federation of australia in 1901 spurred on by 19th century notions of european racial superiority. This feature is not available right now please try again later. The white australia policy was the name given to laws that stopped non white immigrants from coming to live in australiathese laws were put in place in 1901, and were repealed from the 1950s to 1970s.